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BMW 3-Series (E90 E92) Forum > E90 / E92 / E93 3-series Powertrain and Drivetrain Discussions > N54 Turbo Engine / Drivetrain / Exhaust Modifications - 335i > 2007 Engine Tech: How the N54 works (must read!!!)



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      12-06-2006, 01:30 PM   #1
ksfrogman
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Post 2007 Engine Tech: How the N54 works (must read!!!)

Interesting reading:

PDF Files:

2007 Engine Introduction (right-click-save-as)
2007 Engine Management (right-click-save-as)
2007 Engine Mechanical (right-click-save-as)
2007 Engine Technology (right-click-save-as)



ENGINE INTRODUCTION
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      12-06-2006, 01:30 PM   #2
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ENGINE MANAGEMENT
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      12-06-2006, 01:33 PM   #3
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continued...
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      12-06-2006, 01:38 PM   #4
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lol ur the man.. rename this to... "N54 engine for dummies" or "Turbo for dummies"
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      12-06-2006, 01:38 PM   #5
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good stuff, thanks for posting it.
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      12-06-2006, 02:01 PM   #6
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      12-06-2006, 05:32 PM   #7
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I would love to see something on the intercooler efficiency rating. Anybody seen it???????
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      12-06-2006, 07:47 PM   #8
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The intercoolers look quite small. Anybody thinking about upgrading thier's?
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      12-06-2006, 11:22 PM   #9
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Frogman, that is one SUPERB FIND you have there. That is absolutely the end all be all to N54 Turbocharger questions.

You da man!
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      12-07-2006, 06:24 AM   #10
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Great find, thanks
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      12-08-2006, 10:41 AM   #11
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Anyway we can get a PDF?
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      12-08-2006, 10:45 AM   #12
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sstarch1
Anyway we can get a PDF?
PDF FILES:

Attached Images
File Type: pdf 2007 ENGINE INTRODUCTION.pdf (405.5 KB, 14236 views)
File Type: pdf 2007 ENGINE MANAGEMENT.pdf (1.11 MB, 13023 views)
File Type: pdf 2007 ENGINE MECHANICAL.pdf (528.2 KB, 11605 views)
File Type: pdf 2007 ENGINE TECHNOLOGY.pdf (333.1 KB, 10188 views)
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      12-13-2006, 12:13 AM   #13
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Much obliged Mr Frogman
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      12-14-2006, 04:38 PM   #14
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Sweet.:rocks:

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      12-15-2006, 03:41 PM   #15
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Awesome info.
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      12-27-2006, 08:21 AM   #16
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There is also a BMW 3D-video presenting all of these things in an impressive way. Displays in 3D enviroment the fuel that travels through the pipes to the cylinders ,the "explosion" inside them and then the way to turbines ,and out to exhaust.

I'm trying to convice my friend who works on BMW to give it to me.
Then you know what will happens ,don't you?
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      12-27-2006, 04:57 PM   #17
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Thanks for posting ksfrogman, especially with the downloaded PDFs.
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      12-30-2006, 04:33 PM   #18
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Thank you very much
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      01-10-2007, 06:30 PM   #19
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Personally and a number of forum members have experienced High Pressure fuel pump failures. There is a BMW SIB (SI B 12 55 06) that deals with symptoms and warranty work procedures. The Engine management PDF file has a great section and schematic of the pump as well as a great explanation of the role of the high pressure fuel system that makes the second generation DI system possible with precise fuel metering and up to 200 bar rail fuel pressure. It really helps to understand the role of the HPP and it's complexity that obviously caused the early pumps (N54's manufactured between 6/06 to 9/06) to be prone to failure.

Before my car's HPP was replaced, I experienced two episodes that were very different from each other. The first incident at 3500 miles was a case of RPM dropping briefly below 600 at idle and engine running very very rough. Since I was at a light when it happened, I pulled over, rebooted (stop engine, restart) and the problem went away.

The second incident happened around 3800 miles. I was coming up a long incline (6% grade over four miles) and the engine felt like a Honda's. It wasn't rough, just no turbo boost. Again a reboot made the problem go away.

Limp home mode is discussed on page 28 of engine management system which includes complete deactivation of the turbochargers via wastegate valves. I believe I experienced this up that incline.

Around page 8 of the Engine Management PDF file, the explanation of Bank 1 & Bank 2blow off valves give a great insight to another major reason for lack of turbo lag beside the bi turbos and because of the DI. The main purpose of the blow off valves are to prevent pumping action and fluid dynamic problems downstream of the throttle body when driver lets go of the gas pedal suddenly, but engine management also uses them for another purpose. When the engine is idling, engine management spools up the turbos but the additional boost is relieved through the blow off valves. When power is demanded, the blow off valves are closed and the boost is already there. Viola, reduced turbo lag. This would not be possible without DI. The intake manifold downstream of the throttle body has only air in it and no gasoline, hence the blow off of compressed air back to the intake system.

There is an ongoing discussion, which I don't know of the resolution about one or two oil coolers in manual vs. auto cars. Picus in Canada is especially ticked. It is interesting that the PDF files make no distinction between oil coolers in manual vs. auto cars. However, they do talk about two gear box oil coolers for the auto as well as a heat exchanger between the radiator and primary gear box oil cooler in auto cars.

Shawn
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      02-25-2007, 07:47 AM   #20
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Thanks for posting the PDF files. This give me an opportunity to learn the engine before trying to bolt on things like a BOV.
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      03-11-2007, 10:55 PM   #21
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Good info. One question I have is how is the current 335/N54 engine related to the 328 and older 330 engine? Is the 335 simple a tuned, turbocharged version of the others, or a completely new engine altogether?
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      03-12-2007, 01:05 AM   #22
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Good find,
Thanks
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